Infographic: Workers’ Comp Coverage of PTSD and Mental Stress Across Canada

WORKERS’ COMP MENTAL STRESS COVERAGE PRESUMPTIONS BY JURISDICTION: DISORDERS COVERED

KEY

Any DSM-recognized mental disorder
PTSD only
No mental stress coverage presumptions


WORKERS’ COMP MENTAL STRESS COVERAGE PRESUMPTIONS BY JURISDICTION: WORKERS COVERED

KEY

Any worker exposed to workplace trauma or stressors
Emergency response, police, firefighters and other specific classes only
No mental stress coverage presumptions


WORKERS’ COMP MENTAL STRESS COVERAGE: ACUTE vs. CHRONIC ONSET

KEY

Both acute and chronic onset
Acute reactions only


WORKERS’ COMP MENTAL STRESS COVERAGE: TRIGGERS

 

 

KEY

Traumatic events and workplace stressors
Traumatic events only

Note
(1) In Saskatchewan, triggers are traumatic events but the latter is defined broadly to include harassment

 

WORKERS’ COMP COVERAGE OF PTSD & MENTAL STRESS BY JURISDICTION

JURISDICTION TYPE(S) OF MENTAL STRESS COVERED(1) TRIGGERS SCOPE OF PRESUMPTION(S)(2)
Type of Disorder(s) Type(s) of Worker
Alberta Acute and Chronic Trauma and Stressors PTSD only *First responders

*Correctional officers

*Emergency dispatchers

*Firefighters

*Paramedics

*Peace officers

*Police officers

BC Acute and Chronic Trauma and Stressors Any DSM recognized mental disorder *Correctional officers

*Emergency medical assistants

*Firefighters

*Police officers

*Sheriffs

Manitoba Acute only Trauma only PTSD only Any worker
New Brunswick Acute only Trauma only PTSD only Emergency response workers, i.e.:

*Firefighters

*Police officers

*Paramedics

Newfoundland Acute and Chronic Trauma only Any DSM recognized mental disorder Any worker
Nova Scotia Acute only Trauma only PTSD only Front-line or emergency response workers, i.e.:

*Firefighters

*Police officers

*Correctional officers

*Paramedics

*Nurses

*Continuing care assistants

*Emergency-response dispatchers

Ontario Acute and Chronic Trauma and Stressors PTSD only *Firefighters & investigators

*Police officers

*Emergency response teamers

*Paramedics

*Emergency medical attendants

*Ambulance service managers

*Correctional institution workers

*Dispatch workers

*College of Nurses members who provide direct patient care

*Bailiffs

*Probation officers

*Special constables

Prince Edward Island Acute and Chronic Trauma and Stressors Any DSM recognized mental disorder Any worker
Québec Acute and Chronic Trauma and Stressors NA NA
Saskatchewan Acute and chronic Trauma only Any DSM recognized mental disorder Any worker
Northwest Territories & Nunavut Acute and chronic Trauma only NA NA
Yukon Acute only Trauma only PTSD only Emergency response workers, i.e.:

*Firefighters

*Police officers

*Paramedics

 

Notes
(1) Acute means the mental stress was an acute reaction to one or more traumatic events at work; chronic means the mental stress developed gradually over time
(2) Presumptions mean the particular form of mental stress is presumed to be work-related when experienced by a worker in the category of workers the presumption covers