Machine Guarding Requirements

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Here’s when the OHS law in your jurisdiction says machine guarding is required:

FEDERAL: Every machine that has exposed moving, rotating, electrically charged or hot parts or that processes, transports or handles material that constitutes a hazard to a worker must be equipped with a machine guard [Canada OHS Regs., Sec. 13.13(1)].

ALBERTA: An employer must provide safeguards if a worker may accidentally, or through the work process, come into contact with: a) moving parts of machinery or equipment; b) points of machinery or equipment at which material is cut, shaped or bored; c) surfaces with temperatures that may cause skin to freeze, burn or blister; d) energized electrical cables; e) debris, material or objects thrown from machinery or equipment; f) material being fed into or removed from process machinery or equipment; g) machinery or equipment that may be hazardous due to its operation; or h) any other hazard [OHS Code 2009, Sec. 310(2)].

BRITISH COLUMBIA: Unless otherwise provided for in the OHS Regulation, an employer must ensure that machinery and equipment is fitted with adequate safeguards which: a) protect workers from contact with hazardous power transmission parts; b) ensure that a worker can’t access a hazardous point of operation; and c) safely contain any material ejected by the work process, which could be hazardous to workers [OHS Reg., Sec. 12.2].

MANITOBA: Subject to Sec. 16.6, an employer must ensure that a machine has safeguards on it that will prevent a worker from coming into contact with the following hazards: a) moving parts on the machine; b) points of the machine at which material is cut, shaped or bored; c) surfaces with temperatures that may cause skin to freeze, burn or blister; d) energized components; e) debris, material or objects thrown from a machine; f) material being fed into or removed from the machine; or g) any other hazard that may pose a risk to workers’ health and safety [Workplace Health and Safety Reg., Sec. 16.5(1)].

NEW BRUNSWICK: Where a worker may come into contact with moving drive or idler belts, rollers, gears, driveshafts, keyways, pulleys, sprockets, chains, ropes, spindles, drums, counterweights, flywheels, couplings, pinchpoints, cutting edges or other moving parts on a machine that may be hazardous to the worker, the employer shall provide adequate safeguards to prevent such contact [OHS Regs., Sec. 242(1)].

NEWFOUNDLAND/LABRADOR: Except as otherwise provided in the regulations, an employer must ensure that machinery and equipment is fitted with adequate safeguards that: a) protect workers from contact with hazardous power transmission parts; b) ensure that workers can’t access a hazardous point of operation; and c) safely contain material ejected by the work process that could be hazardous to workers [OHS Regs. 2009, Sec. 89].

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES/NUNAVUT: Machinery and equipment must be equipped with guards that prevent workers from contacting moving parts and from entering a danger area during operation [General Safety Regs., Sec. 97].

NOVA SCOTIA: Where a person may come into contact with a moving part of a machine or tool that may present a hazard to the person, the employer must ensure that an adequate safeguard has been installed on the machine or tool to prevent contact [Occupational Safety General Regs., Sec. 87(2)].

ONTARIO: 1) Where a machine, prime mover or transmission equipment has an exposed moving part that may endanger the safety of any worker, it must be equipped with and guarded by a guard or other device that prevents access to the moving part [Industrial Establishments Reg., Sec. 24]; 2) an in-running nip hazard or any part of a machine, device or thing that may endanger the safety of any worker must be equipped with and guarded by a guard or other device that prevents access to the pinch point [Sec. 25]; and 3) a machine must be shielded or guarded so that the product, material being processed or waste stock won’t endanger the safety of any worker [Sec. 26].

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND: An employer must ensure that all moving parts of machinery, equipment and tools are effectively safeguarded unless: a) they’re constructed or located so as to prevent a person or object from coming into contact with them; or b) the guarding would unreasonably interfere with the operation of the machinery, equipment or tool [OHS General Regs., Sec. 30.2].

QUÉBEC: Subject to Sec. 183, a machine must be designed and built so as to make its danger zone inaccessible, failing which it must be equipped with at least one of the specified protectors or protective devices [Regulation respecting Occupational Health and Safety, Sec. 182].

SASKATCHEWAN: Except where otherwise provided by the regulations, an employer or contractor must provide an effective safeguard where a worker may contact: a) a dangerous moving part of a machine; b) a pinch point, cutting edge or point of a machine at which material is cut, shaped, bored or formed; c) an open flame; d) a steam pipe or other surface with a temperature that exceeds or may exceed 80° Celsius; or e) a cooled surface that is or may be less than -80° Celsius [OHS Regs., Sec. 137(1)].

YUKON: Machinery and equipment must be fitted with proper and adequate safeguards that: a) protect a worker from contact with hazardous power transmission parts; b) ensure that a worker can’t access a hazardous point of operation; c) safely contain any material ejected by the work process, which could be hazardous to a worker; and d) meet all the requirements of CSA Standard Z432-04, Safeguarding of Machinery or other similar standard acceptable to the Director [OHS Regs., Sec. 7.02]