Ontario Working at Heights Training Checklist

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Introduction: How to Use This Tool

The new working at heights training is different from the fall protection training required by Sec. 26.2(1) of the Ontario Construction Projects Regulations in that the training program must be approved by the Ontario Chief Prevention Officer (CPO) as meeting the detailed criteria set out in a document called the Working at Heights Training Program Standard.

Specifically, the program must be made up of 2 modules:

  • Module 1: Basic Theory; and
  • Module 2: Practical.

Each module is subdivided into chapters containing specific learning objectives. Here’s a Checklist you can use to verify that your training provider’s program meets all of the CPO’s requirements.

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MODULE 1: WORKING AT HEIGHTS BASIC THEORY

  1. Rights and Responsibilities for Working at Heights under the Ontario OHS Act

Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Identify the working at heights roles and responsibilities of the:

     [  ] Employer
     [  ] Constructor (if the project has one)
     [  ] Supplier
     [  ] Supervisor
     [  ] Worker

[  ] Describe 3 worker rights with regards to working at heights

[  ] Explain how a worker would take steps to exercise each of these rights

[  ] Explain that all workers have a duty to report to their supervisor or employer any fall hazard or defect in fall prevention/protection equipment of which they’re aware and which may endanger themselves or another worker

[  ] Explain that an employer may not threaten to fire or dismiss workers for exercising their health and safety rights regarding working safely at heights, or for asking their employer or supervisor to do what the OHS Act requires

[  ] Explain that the MOL enforces the OHS Act and its regulations, and that MOL inspectors may make orders, requirements and may initiate prosecutions for non-compliance with working safely at heights rules

[  ] Explain the types of help and resources available through the MOL’s website www.ontario.ca/labour

[  ] Explain the purpose of the MOL’s 1-877-202-0008 telephone line

B. Identification of the Hazards of Working at Heights
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Recognize hazards of working at heights

[  ] Recognize other hazards to which workers at risk of falling from heights are exposed, i.e., falling into water, machinery, electrical equipment, hazardous substances or objects

[  ] List typical accidents and injuries related to working at heights

[  ] Identify the frequency, severity and consequences of injuries and fatalities due to falls from heights (morale, family, society, reputation)

[  ] Explain the role of safe work plans and procedures in identifying hazards of falling from heights

C. Elimination or Control of Working at Heights Hazards
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Explain the hierarchy of controls for working at heights, such as elimination, isolation, engineering, substitution, administrative or PPE

[  ] Using realistic workplace scenarios for barriers, access equipment, positioning equipment and PPE, use the hierarchy of controls to choose the preferred method of working safely at heights

[  ] Explain the limitations of PPE

D. Warning Methods & Physical Barriers
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Describe the types of warning methods (signs and bump lines) and their appropriate use

[  ] Describe the types of physical barriers (fencing, guardrails, protective coverings), and their appropriate use

[  ] Identify the characteristics and appropriate uses of permanent and temporary guard rails

[  ] Explain which precautions are necessary when relocating or removing guardrails

E. Ladders & Similar Equipment
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Identify at least 3 types of portable ladders and similar equipment and the limitations of each

[  ] Explain the advantages and disadvantages of ladders and similar equipment for working at heights

[  ] Recognize that there are different regulatory requirements for ladders in different sectors and that these requirements may place restrictions on the type of work which may be performed for working at heights from a ladder

[  ] Identify and assess situations in which ladders could be used safely for working at heights, and when alternative means of access would be more appropriate

[  ] Explain how to properly inspect and care for ladders and similar equipment

[  ] Describe how to safely position and use ladders

[  ] Explain that may need additional workplace-specific information, instruction or training from their employer if they’re asked to use a ladder or similar equipment for working at heights at the workplace

F. Personal Fall Protection Equipment
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Explain when a travel restraint system, fall restricting system or fall arrest system would be required

[  ] Explain the essential components of each sytem

[  ] Identify that more extensive training is essential to safely use a travel restraint system, fall restricting system or fall arrest system

MODULE 2: WORKING AT HEIGHTS PRACTICAL

A. Barriers & Other Fixed Equipment
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Identify situations in which bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets would be appropriate

[  ] Identify the regulatory requirements (if any) for bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets

[  ] Identify the limitations of bump lines, barriers, guardrails and safety nets

[  ] Identify the specific requirements for strength and design of temporary guard rails

B. Personal Fall Protection Equipment
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Discuss the limitations and appropriate use of travel restraint, fall restricting and fall arrest systems

[  ] Identify the regulatory requirements (where applicable) for travel restraint, fall restricting and fall arrest systems

[  ] Discuss the fundamental components of travel restraint, fall restricting and fall arrest systems

[  ] Determine the fall distance to prevent a worker from striking the ground or an object below;

[  ] Discuss the force required to deploy a shock absorber

[  ] Define and explain the effects on the human body of each of the following:

     [  ] Bottoming out”
     [  ] The pendulum effect
     [  ] Suspension trauma;

[  ] Describe the steps required for the proper set up, use, maintenance and storage of travel restraint and fall arrest equipment (harness, lanyard, lifeline, rope grab, , snap and grab hooks, carabiners)

[  ] Demonstrate the ability to inspect and identify deficiencies in industry-standard personal fall arrest equipment

[  ] Demonstrate how to properly “don” and “doff” industry-standard personal fall arrest equipment, including harness and lanyard

[  ] Describe how to protect horizontal and vertical lifelines while in use

[  ] Describe the proper set-up and use of a rope grab for personal fall arrest systems and ladder use

[  ] Explain methods of maintaining tie-off to an anchor point  at all times when changing anchor points

[  ] Describe situations in which they may need additional workplace-specific information, instruction or training by their employer if asked to use fall protection equipment in the workplace

C. Anchor Points
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Explain what an anchor point is

[  ] Discuss the proper location and use of anchor points

[  ] Give examples of appropriate and inappropriate anchor points

[  ] Explain the consequences of using inappropriate items as anchor points

[  ] Illustrate the differences between permanent anchors, temporary fixed supports and existing structural features as anchor points

[  ] Discuss the importance of manufacturer’s recommendations when installing new anchor points and, if necessary, approval of anchor points by a professional engineer

[  ] Explain the importance of asking for information before using new anchor points

D. Work Access Equipment & Platforms
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Using the hierarchy of controls, identify the different types of equipment that may be available to safely perform different tasks at heights, which may include:

     [  ] Powered Elevating Work Platforms (PEWPs)
     [  ] Scaffolds, ladders
     [  ] Suspended access equipment
     [  ] Boatswain’s chairs

[  ] Identify regulatory restrictions and criteria for safe use and positioning of ladders

[  ] Give examples of the types of personal fall protection equipment needed to safely work at heights on work access equipment and platforms

[  ] Explain that if they’re asked to use, work access equipment, platforms or similar equipment in the workplace, they may need additional workplace-specific and/or equipment-specific information, instruction or training

E. Rescue Planning
Learning Objectives: By the end of the session, trainees must be able to:

[  ] Explain the purpose of a working at heights fall rescue plan

[  ] Identify key components of a fall rescue plan

[  ] Discuss the roles and responsibilities of employers, supervisors and workers regarding a fall rescue plan and emergency procedures

[  ] Explain that each project where workers rely on fall protection equipment (such as PPE and safety nets) must have a site specific rescue plan and that information, instruction or training on the site specific rescue plan is necessary